About the project

The RAIN approach

RAIN will quantify the complex interactions between weather events and land based infrastructure systems.

The output of RAIN will aid decision making in the long term, securing new robust infrastructure development and protection of existing infrastructure against climate change and increasingly more unpredictable weather patterns.

Transport, energy and telecommunications infrastructure will be considered and risk mitigation strategies will be developed.

This will be achieved through developing an operational analysis framework which considers the impact of individual hazards on specific infrastructure systems and the coupled interdependencies of critical infrastructure through robust risk and uncertainty modelling.


Related projects


The INTACT project brings together the community of climatologists, meteorologists, civil protection operators with those of the owners / operators of critical infrastructure and planners in order to develop prevention of major disasters and / or cascading effects.

The general aims of the INTACT project are the following:

» Assess regionally differentiated risk throughout Europe associated with extreme weather;
» Identify and classify on a Europe wide basis CI (critical infrastructures) and to assess the resilience of such CI (critical infrastructures) to the impact of EWE (Extreme Weather Events);
» Raise awareness of decision-makers and CI operators about the challenges (current and future) EW (Extreme Weather) conditions may pose to their CI;
» Identify potential measures and technologies to consider and implement, be it for planning, designing and protecting CI or for effectively preparing for crisis response and recovery.



INFRARISK (Novel Indicators for identifying critical INFRAstructure at RISK from natural hazards) is developing a reliable stress test framework to establish the resilience of European Critical Infrastructure to rare, low frequency, extreme natural hazard events and to aid decision making in the long term regarding robust infrastructure development and the protection of existing infrastructure. In an integrated approach to hazard assessment, the project is focusing on the impacts of seismic, landslide and flooding hazards on road and rail transport infrastructure, considering the interdependencies of the networks, cascading hazards and cascading effects and spatial and temporal vulnerability.



STREST focuses on earthquakes, tsunamis, geotechnical effects and floods, and on three principal CI classes: (a) individual, single-site, high risk infrastructures, (b) distributed and/or geographically extended infrastructures with potentially high economic and environmental impact, and (c) distributed, multiple-site infrastructures with low individual impact but large collective impact or dependencies.

STREST works with key European CIs, to test and apply the developed stress test methodologies to specific CIs, chosen to typify general classes of CIs.

The main objectives of STREST are to:

» Establish a common and consistent taxonomy of non-nuclear CIs;
» Develop a rigorous, consistent modelling approach to hazard, vulnerability, risk and resilience assessment of LP-HC events;
» Design a stress test framework and specific applications to address the vulnerability, resilience and interdependencies of CIs;
» Enable the implementation of European policies for the systematic implementation of stress tests.


More Info

The RAIN vision

The RAIN vision is to develop a systematic risk management framework which considers the impacts of extreme weather events on critical infrastructure and develops a series of mitigation tools to enhance the security of the pan-European infrastructure network.